This press release was issued in February, but I don't think it's been mentioned in Risks. http://www.ntsb.gov/news/press-releases/Pages/PR20150206.aspx On August 17, 2014, two Union Pacific freight trains collided head-on at Hoxie, Arkansas, killing the engine crew of one train and causing considerable damage. The NTSB hasn't yet announced a probable cause, but they've found one thing that sure looks to me like a contributing factor: on one of the trains, the vigilance device did not do what it was supposed to. The vigilance device or "alerter" is the modern replacement for the traditional dead-man control. It's supposed to sound a warning if none of the controls in the locomotive cab is operated for a certain length of time. If the warning is not acknowledged after a further time, the brakes are applied automatically. In this case, though, one of the locomotives was equipped with a "horn sequencer", with which a single press of a foot pedal would repeatedly sound the standard level-crossing warning: long-long-short-long. In this case, in fact, the horn went on sounding for 4 minutes. But as far as the alerter was concerned, each blast of the horn meant that a control had been operated—so it reset its timer. Mark Brader <email@example.com>, Toronto There is no step function between "safe" and "unsafe". Jeff Janes
Seen in the Sydney Morning Herald 16th March (and online over at http://www.smh.com.au/national/education/computer-woes-put-tafe-nsw-students-on-hold-over-fees-and-results-20150315-142o7t.html). “Thousands of TAFE [Technical And Further Education] students are still not officially enrolled in their courses more than five weeks ago because of a a computer glitch. ... The [NSW] Department of Education has revealed that the new software is not functioning properly with its cost expected to blow out by $90 million.'' Basically, a system that was supposed to have been implemented by the end of last year is simply not working, with students unable to access their grades or fee notices, and teachers concerned about liability over accidents. Testing? What's that? Dave Horsfall DTM (VK2KFU) "Bliss is a MacBook with a FreeBSD server." http://www.horsfall.org/spam.html (and check the home page whilst you're there)
Facebook's instant messaging service can now be used to transmit money, by linking your debit card to the service. Betting seems to suggest that this is a first step toward a more general peer-to-peer payment system. In that Facebook's Messenger app already has 500 million users each month, plus their acquisition of WhatsApp with another 700 million users, RISKS readers might well suspect that this could be a huge windfall for hucksters and fraudsters. [Source: Vindu Goel, *The New York Times* Business Day, B1, 18 Mar 2015, PGN-ed]
Lucas Mearian, *ComputerWorld*, 10 Mar 2015 A Senate report backs up claims that automakers haven't addressed electronic security: A Dallas law firm has filed a lawsuit against three major automakers claiming they have failed to take basic measures to secure their vehicles from hackers. http://www.computerworld.com/article/2895057/lawsuit-seeks-damages-against-automakers-and-their-hackable-cars.html
Ars via NNSquad http://arstechnica.com/security/2015/03/epic-google-snafu-leaks-hidden-whois-data-for-280000-domains/ "Google leaked the complete hidden whois data attached to more than 282,000 domains registered through the company's Google Apps for Work service, a breach that could bite good and bad guys alike. The 282,867 domains counted by Cisco Systems' researchers account for 94 percent of the addresses Google Apps has registered through a partnership with registrar eNom. Among the services is one that charges an additional $6 per year to shield from public view all personal information included in domain name whois records. Rather than being published publicly, the information is promised to remain in the hands of eNom except when it receives a court order to turn it over. Starting in mid 2013, a software defect in Google Apps started leaking the data, including names, phone numbers, physical addresses, e-mail addresses, and more. The bug caused the data to become public once a domain registration was renewed. Cisco's Talos Security Intelligence and Research Group discovered it on February 19, and five days later the leak was plugged, slightly shy of two years after it first sprung." As someone who feels that all WHOIS data should be fully public except in exceptional circumstances (I've discussed why in the past), it's difficult for me to get too worked up about this on that level—but obviously if you're told that information is private, it's important that it really is private.
Jeremy Kirk, InfoWorld, 17 Mar 2015 Another look at the impact of the FREAK flaw has turned up some surprising findingshttp://www.infoworld.com/article/2897717/security/researchers-find-same-rsa-encryption-key-used-28000-times.html
Nestor Arellano, *IT Business*, 13 Mar 2015 http://www.itbusiness.ca/news/can-you-trust-canadian-isps-with-your-privacy/54387 opening text: A new report from Open Media warns you should think twice before trusting Canadian Internet providers with your privacy, warning our ISPs are falling short on being transparent about how they protect their customers' privacy.
HTXT via NNSquad http://www.htxt.co.za/2015/03/10/plans-to-censor-sa-internet-called-out-as-unconstitutional/ One major problem - besides criminalising YouTube - is that "certain publications" aren't actually defined in the regulations, so they could apply to any news or website - so while it may be that the regulations are aimed at bringing streaming TV services inline with traditional broadcast TV, the wording could include any blog, news site or Facebook page run out of South Africa.
Serdar Yegulalp, InfoWorld, 11 Mar 2015 The flaw allegedly affects popular Android apps like Microsoft Office Mobile, but Dropbox maintains its scope is limited http://www.infoworld.com/article/2895016/mobile-technology/ibm-discloses-droppedin-vulnerability-for-dropboxs-android-sdk.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/15/style/taking-on-the-food-industry-one-blog-post-at-a-time.html The writer of the Food Babe blog attracts numerous fans and critics with her comments on the food industry.
FYI—I recall European hotels that had coin-op hot water heaters a number of decades ago; why don't we simply bring them back? Why must the answer always be a smartphone app ? http://freebeacon.com/issues/epa-wants-to-monitor-how-long-hotel-guests-spend-in-the-shower/ EPA Wants to Monitor How Long Hotel Guests Spend in the Shower $15,000 grant creating device to `modify' guests behavior Elizabeth Harrington, *Free Beacon*, 17 Mar 2015 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is spending $15,000 to create a wireless system that will track how much water a hotel guest uses to get them to “modify their behavior.''
The problem with beacons is “Is there a problem with beacons?'' Good question. The Internet of Things is begging for infrastructure with potential. One aspect of that potential is the beacon, considered by marketers to be the "Next Frontier for Consumer Engagement", downloadable from http://www.beaconstac.com/ebook/ibeacons-for-consumer-engagement Beacons emit an ID that can interact with your smart device (over Bluetooth), but only if there is an app for the beacon. Beacons can be smarter that just emitting an ID, though I am not sure how smart, for example it is claimed that the beacon can access GPS information only if GPS is enabled. There are known attacks, see "6 Myths around Beacon Security and Privacy" http://blog.beaconstac.com/6-myths-around-beacon-security-and-privacy/, and beacons have already been hacked, in a CES sponsored scavenger hunt, where the beacon ID's were not encrypted in the app. See http://makezine.com/2014/01/03/reverse-engineering-the-estimote/ Basically the beacon is new ground for marketers, developers and hackers. (I haven't downloaded the beaconstac SDK to look at the API, though I have requested `beta' access, and may report more, later.) The list of beacon products and vendors is growing: http://blog.mobstac.com/2015/03/3-new-beacon-hardware-players-to-watch-out-for/ robert schaefer, Atmospheric Sciences Group, MIT Haystack Observatory Westford, MA 01886 http://www.haystack.mit.edu 781-981-5767
Woody Leonhard, InfoWorld, 9 Mar 2015 Ransomware attacks are using emailed CHM files opened in Windows browsers http://www.infoworld.com/article/2894256/security/ancient-help-file-format-carrying-new-cryptowall-attacks-on-pcs.html
Nestor Arellano, IT Business, 6 Mar 2015 http://www.itbusiness.ca/news/first-casl-fine-hits-quebec-spammer-for-more-than-1-million/54186 opening text: The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) has issued a notice of violation and a $1.1 million fine to Quebec-based Compu-Finder for breaking the Canadian anti-spam law (CASL). *ALSO* CASL's $1.1 million spam fine: Outlier or the new normal? (Jeff Jedras) Jeff Jedras, IT Business, 9 Mar 2015 http://www.itbusiness.ca/news/casls-1-1-million-spam-fine-outlier-or-the-new-normal/54244
Serdar Yegulalp, InfoWorld, 9 Mar 2015 Google researchers blow the whistle on a hardware bug that renders notebooks vulnerable to a memory-based exploit http://www.infoworld.com/article/2894497/security/rowhammer-hardware-bug-threatens-to-smash-notebook-security.html
[They're onto us. The same sorts of things just keep happening, and here is some documentation. <BEG>] Robert X. Cringely, InfoWorld, 9 Mar 2015 Apple did what? Microsoft said that? We've heard it all before, and now's the time to turn around the snoozefest known as tech news http://www.infoworld.com/article/2893751/cringely/in-search-of-silicon-valley-scandal.html
http://lauren.vortex.com/archive/001094.html Throughout human history, pretty much every development or invention that increased our information storage and management capabilities has had its loud and voracious naysayers. Around 370 BCE, both Socrates and Plato were already badmouthing the written word as inherently inferior to in-person verbal dialogue. The printing press, typewriter, telegraph, telephone, and Internet have all been targeted as the presumed bringers of universal intellectual decay. So it comes as no surprise that when Web search engines appeared on the scene—to organize Internet-based information and make it widely available—much the same tired old attack arguments were trotted out by the usual suspects, in the form of multitudinous "Google Is making Us Stupid!" articles and similar varieties of vacuous commentaries. The crux of most arguments against having quick access to information seem to largely parallel the attempts not that many years ago (and in some venues, still continuing) to routinely ban calculators from physics and other similar subject tests, on the grounds that not doing the math by hand was somehow—perhaps in a moral judgment "You'll go to hell!" kind of sense—horribly cheating. But unless the test you're taking is specifically one for mathematical skills, the rote manual calculation process is practically worthless compared with developing the necessary skills to actually analyze a problem and determining appropriate methodologies for reaching correct answers. Even a specific answer itself may often be far less relevant in many contexts than development and analysis of appropriate problem solving processes. One wonders how many potentially brilliant would-be physicists with wonderful analytic skills were sidelined into other professions simply due to not having a knack for manual math. With the rise of the mobile Net comes the latest incarnation of this twisted saga, the "Are smartphones making us stupid?" meme. There seems to be a new version of this one somewhere pretty much every few days. In a very real way the term "smartphone" in this context is being used by detractors largely as a proxy for saying "Portable Google"—as a wireless retread of search engine criticisms. However, in this case the critics are even farther off the mark than usual, because smartphones not only don't reduce our intelligence, they can be our saviors as we age. Physiological studies show that our memory for much specific data usually begins to decline at the ripe old age of—20. Yeah, pretty depressing. But in contrast, our reasoning and analytic skills can in many cases continue developing throughout our lives without limit, as we integrate ever more experiences into the mix. And here is where the smartphone (along with the vast information ecosystem that supports it) really becomes something of a technological miracle. For there on your belt or in your purse is a little box that can act as an almost limitless adjunct to your own memory, to your own brain. Type on it, talk to it. Ask it questions, note its reminders. Smartphones can provide us with very much the exact kind of information that our brains gradually become less adept at recalling past age 20 or so. To argue that it's somehow wrong, somehow cheating or unethical or unnatural, to use these devices and their supporting infrastructures in this way, is itself as dumb and stupid as forcing a potentially brilliant future physicist to drop out of school because you wouldn't let them use a calculator. Obviously, for smartphones to be most useful at all ages, issues of accessibility become paramount—matters for ground-up consideration, not after-the-fact excuses. Input and output methodologies, font sizes and contrast, all become especially important, since our vision typically begins to decline at the same young age as our memory. These are all relatively straightforward user interface design issues though, given the will to deal with them appropriately. It would probably be a pretty tough slog to get Plato comfortable with smartphones. On the other hand, he's quoted as saying: "We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light." And especially when it comes to smartphones and the immense value they can bring to us throughout our lives, only a fool would argue with Plato about that.
FYI—Your best chance to hack the hackers... "Downloading Kali Linux" "Alert! Always make certain you are downloading Kali Linux from official sources, as well as verifying md5sums against official values. It would be easy for a malicious entity to modify a Kali install to contain malicious code, and host it unofficially." http://docs.kali.org/category/introduction --- No kidding! So how come whenever you do apt-get install in Kali Linux, it accesses http://security.kali.org and http://http.kali.org ?? Hasn't Kali heard about MITM attacks against http ?? What's the point of verifying md5 sums against "official values", if Kali can't even get the "official values" securely ??
Re: Shapir, Facebook rant lands U.S. man in UAE jail (RISKS-28.55) I think it's pretty clear now that internationally at least, jurisdiction just means "we can get our hands on you and/or your assets". It's typical hypocrisy from the USA in crying foul over UAE exercising jurisdiction outside their borders when they're doing far worse on flimsier grounds (copyright) to Kim Dotcom: https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20150227/18171630168/us-court-rules-that-kim-dotcom-is-fugitive-thus-doj-can-take-his-money.shtml William Brodie-Tyrrell http://www.brodie-tyrrell.org/
This is an interesting follow-on item documenting responses Ian Urbina <firstname.lastname@example.org> received in response to his earlier article in *The New York Times* magazine, which I noted in RISKS-28.37. PGN http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/19/magazine/the-secret-life-of-passwords.html nyti.ms/1C1peSU
I've submitted https://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bugx0239 [rsyslog] log timestamps could be off by a whole minute. I'm sure they will fix it in a jiffy.
- - - ---- Forwarded Message -------- Subject: [SystemSafety] IS/IEC 61508 availability Date: Tue, 17 Mar 2015 00:38:26 +0200 From: Pekka Pihlajasaari <email@example.com> To: firstname.lastname@example.org IS/IEC 61508 availability The Government of India has made available to the public through the Public Resource Org nearly 20k standards including content-identical versions of ISO/IEC 61508 parts 0 through 7. This should satisfy the recent concerns of those looking for a cost effective (read free) source for the full text. Enter the search string site:law.resource.org "is/iec 61508" filetype:pdf Google for direct links to each volume. A catalogue to the material is available at the appended link. Pekka Pihlajasaari email@example.com Data Abstraction Ltd +27 11 484 9664 https://law.resource.org/pub/in/manifest.in.html_
FCC via NNSquad http://transition.fcc.gov/Daily_Releases/Daily_Business/2015/db0312/FCC-15-24A1.pdf
Cipher Newsletter, IEEE CIPHER, Issue 125, March 17, 2015 [EXCERPTED] Newsletter of the IEEE Computer Society's TC on Security and Privacy Electronic Issue 125 March 17, 2015 Hilarie Orman, Editor Sven Dietrich, Assoc. Editor cipher-editor @ ieee-security.org cipher-assoc-editor @ ieee-security.org Reviewed by Richard Austin, 12 Mar 2015 Bruce Schneier "Data and Goliath: The hidden battles to capture your data and control your world" W. W. Norton & Company 2015 ISBN 978-0393244816 Table of contents: https://www.schneier.com/book-dg-toc.html By the time this review is published, I predict that Schneier's book will have been reviewed in multiple places and will have spent time on the NYT bestsellers list so I'm not going to write yet another summary of the book. What I am going to do is summarize what I liked about the book and why you should read it, share it with your friends and even send copies to your elected representatives. We live in a world of data - it's harvested, stored, analyzed, reported and used to make important decisions ranging from what ads your search engine highlights to the security screening you face at the airport. And, as the Snowden revelations have shown, there's an extensive private/public infrastructure dedicated to harvesting, storing and acting on data. There's been a growing susurrus of concern about all this data gathering and decision making but the details have always seemed too technical and remote for a large majority of the people whose data is involved. Schneier tackles the issues in a clear, readable presentation that is accessible to the general reader. He organizes the book into three parts: the first ("The World We're Creating") is a masterful summary of how intensive the harvesting of data actually is and the economic incentives that drive it; the second ("What's at Stake") delves into the societal implications of this surveillance-driven world; and the third (What to Do About it) proposes ways this data-addiction can be brought under control. The first two parts of the book explain our surveillance culture in detail and analyze the many false trade-offs (e.g., security vs. privacy) and collateral impacts (such as the post-Snowden reduced competitiveness of US products and services). As in any such presentation, the author will have to face the disbelief that such things are actually happening and Schneier meticulously documents the sources behind his writing in a notes section that occupies about a third of the book. What really sets this book apart is not its detailed examination of how bad things are, but rather the proscriptive actions for improving the situation. Chapter 12 ("Principles") states the basic principles ("Security and Privacy", "Transparency", "Oversight and Accountability", "Resilient Design", "One World, One Network, One Answer") guiding the way forward in dealing with our surveillance problem. The angels are in the details, of course, and Schneier spends the following three chapters spelling out how governments, corporations and people can apply them. This is a controversial book that will be both praised and vilified. We owe a debt of gratitude to Bruce for bringing these issues together in one place and exploring them in a clear and understandable fashion. Read this book. Loan it to your friends. Send copies to your elected representatives. But most importantly, think about the principles and apply them in what you do. Our surveillance society was not built by a cabal of faceless monsters but by talented professionals seeking to solve a set of problems. We built this system and we can also help change it.
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