Multiple alleged HIPAA violations result in $2.75 million settlement with the University of Mississippi Medical Center The University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) has agreed to settle multiple alleged violations of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights (OCR). OCR's investigation of UMMC was triggered by a breach of unsecured electronic protected health information (ePHI) affecting approximately 10,000 individuals. During the investigation, OCR determined that UMMC was aware of risks and vulnerabilities to its systems as far back as April 2005, yet no significant risk management activity occurred until after the breach, due largely to organizational deficiencies and insufficient institutional oversight. UMMC will pay a penalty of $2,750,000 and adopt a corrective action plan to help assure future compliance with HIPAA Privacy, Security, and Breach Notification Rules. http://www.hhs.gov/about/news/2016/07/21/ocr-announces-275-million-settlement-multiple-alleged-hipaa-violations.html
Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) has agreed to settle potential violations of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) Privacy and Security Rules following an investigation by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office for Civil Rights (OCR) that found widespread and diverse problems at OHSU, which will be addressed through a comprehensive three-year corrective action plan. The settlement includes a monetary payment by OHSU to the Department for $2,700,000. OCR's investigation began after OHSU submitted multiple breach reports affecting thousands of individuals, including two reports involving unencrypted laptops and another large breach involving a stolen unencrypted thumb drive. These incidents each garnered significant local and national press coverage. OCR's investigation uncovered evidence of widespread vulnerabilities within OHSU's HIPAA compliance program, including the storage of the electronic protected health information (ePHI) of over 3,000 individuals on a cloud-based server without a business associate agreement. OCR found significant risk of harm to 1,361 of these individuals due to the sensitive nature of their diagnoses. http://www.hhs.gov/about/news/2016/07/18/widespread-hipaa-vulnerabilities-result-in-settlement-with-oregon-health-science-university.html
Brad Chacos, Senior Editor, TechHive, PC World, 27 Jul 2016 Osram's Lightify smart bulbs suffer from several serious security flaws Most—but not all—will be fixed in August, however. http://www.pcworld.com/article/3101008/connected-home/osrams-lightify-smart-bulbs-suffer-from-several-serious-security-flaws.html Those smart lightbulbs you installed may just be dumbing down your home network's security, creating cracks that hackers can slip through to press attacks. Security firm Rapid7 posted a vulnerability report earlier this month: Nine issues affecting the Home or Pro versions of Osram Lightify were discovered, with the practical exploitation effects ranging from the accidental disclosure of sensitive network configuration information, to persistent cross-site scripting (XSS) on the web management console, to operational command execution on the devices themselves without authentication, [This may give new meaning to the old question of how many people does it take to change a lightbulb. You might need at least a skilled sys admin to overcome the newly installed supposedly secure controls, a licensed electrician to ensure the sys admin will not be electrocuted, and a supervisor to ensure that no information leakage results, not to mention the procurers of the lightbulb and others indirectly involved. Of course, given the Internet of Things, the sys admin might be remotely working for an untrustworthy third-party company, the licensed electrician operating with forged certification, and the supervisor actually might be a robot (who would not count, even though it can count!?), and the lightbulb might be a counterfeit or spiked with special surveillance capabilities! This has glorious opportunities for RISKS, and perhaps even an April Fool's item. PGN]
I just received an E-mail from Mozilla. They are promoting today (2016-07-28) as the 10,000th day of the Web. Sounds impressive? I had to check. Actually, it is the 10,001st day of the Web. It is 10,000 days *after* the start of 1989-03-12. Off-by-one claims another victim. Another reason to stick with my older version of Firefox?
Nicky Woolf, *The Guardian*, 27 July 2016 19.09 EDT A server issue has taken down PetNet's automatic feeding system for a number of users, leaving many animals without their scheduled meals PetNet's CEO, Carlos Herrera, said the third-party server service had been down for about 10 hours and had no redundancy backup, but said PetNet was preparing a workaround. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jul/27/petnet-auto-feeder-glitch-google
A new report commissioned by the Department of Homeland Security forecasts that autonomous artificially intelligent robots are just five to 10 years away from hitting the mainstream—but there's a catch. The new breed of smart robots will be eminently hackable. To the point that they might be re-programmed to kill you. The study, published in April, attempted to assess which emerging technology trends are most likely to go mainstream, while simultaneously serious cybersecurity problems. https://resources.sei.cmu.edu/asset_files/TechnicalReport/2016_005_001_453825.pdf
Michael Kan, Infoworld, 27 Jul 2016 The exploits require tricking a user to visiting a malicious website http://www.infoworld.com/article/3101367/security/flaw-with-password-manager-lastpass-could-hand-over-control-to-hackers.html opening text: Even password manager LastPass can be fooled. A Google security researcher has found a way to remotely hijack the software. It works by first luring the user to a malicious site. The site will then exploit a flaw in a LastPass add-on for the Firefox browser, giving it control over the password management software.
[via NNSquad] http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/07/donald-trump-russia-please-hack-hillary-clinton Donald Trump encouraged Russian hackers to find Hillary Clinton's deleted emails during a bizarre press conference on Wednesday in Miami. "Russia, if you are listening, I hope you are able to fid the 30,000 emails that are missing," Trump said, referring to the emails that were not handed over to investigators from Hillary Clinton's private email server. "I think you'll be rewarded mightily by our press."
(Facebook Post, July 25, 2016) Thomas Rid has a good analysis on the forensics that points to Russia: https://motherboard.vice.com/read/all-signs-point-to-russia-being-behind-the-dnc-hack
Donald J. Trump said Wednesday that he hoped Russia had hacked Hillary Clinton's email, essentially sanctioning a foreign power's cyberspying of a secretary of state's correspondence. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/28/us/politics/donald-trump-russia-clinton-emails.html
Jack Goldsmith, on Whether Foreign Powers Could Hack Our Elections Posted on ElectionLawBlog by Rick Hasen, 26 Jul 2016 Is the election aspect of this hack unique? There have been reports in recent years of cyberattacks or cyberoperations in computer networks in other countries related to elections. Still, if this if a Russian (or some other foreign governmental) operation, I know of nothing parallel on this scale, with this impact. And yet, as I wrote this morning, “the Russian hack of the DNC was small beans compared to the destruction of the integrity of a national election result.'' Presumably the DNC email hack and leak involve genuine emails. But what if the hackers interspersed fake but even more damning or inflammatory emails that were hard to disprove? What if hackers break in to computers to steal or destroy voter registration information? What if they disrupted computer-based voting or election returns in important states during the presidential election? The legitimacy of a presidential election might be called into question, with catastrophic consequences. The DNC hack is just the first wave* of possible threats to electoral integrity in the United States—by foreign intelligence services, and others. Also see Slate: Is the DNC Hack an Act of War? http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/interrogation/2016/07/is_the_dnc_hack_an_act_of_war_and_is_russia_responsible.html "Jack Goldsmith is the Henry L. Shattuck Professor at Harvard Law School, co-founder of Lawfare, a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, and co-chair of its Working Group on National Security, Technology, and Law. He teaches and writes about national security law, presidential power, cybersecurity, international law, Internet law, foreign relations law, and conflict of laws. Before coming to Harvard, Professor Goldsmith served as Assistant Attorney General, Office of Legal Counsel from 2003-2004, and Special Counsel to the Department of Defense from 2002-2003."
American intelligence agencies cautioned that they are uncertain whether the breach was an effort to manipulate the 2016 presidential election. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/27/us/politics/spy-agency-consensus-grows-that-russia-hacked-dnc.html [Also, See op-ed by Nicholas Kristof: Putin, Trump and Our Election, in today's issue of *The New York Times*.]
'On Saturday evening, during the Eleventh HOPE conference in New York City, three hackers released the final master key used by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), which opens Safe Skies luggage locks,' writes CSO's Steve Ragan. The hackers also released a 3D-printable model of the key. The issue, the hackers say, isn't that some creep can riffle through your delicates using one of these keys, but that government key escrow is inherently dangerous. Even the TSA admits that the Safe Skies locks have little to do with safety. 'These consumer products are convenience products that have nothing to do with TSA's aviation security regime,' an agency spokesperson said.
Dan Goodin, Ars Technica, 26 Jul 2016 Hack can be carried out by operators of Wi-Fi hotspots, where HTTPs is needed most. http://arstechnica.com/security/2016/07/new-attack-that-cripples-https-crypto-works-on-macs-windows-and-linux/ opening text: A key guarantee provided by HTTPS encryption is that the addresses of visited websites aren't visible to attackers who may be monitoring an end user's network traffic. Now, researchers have devised an attack that breaks this protection. The attack can be carried out by operators of just about any type of network, including public Wi-Fi networks, which arguably are the places where Web surfers need HTTPS the most. It works by abusing a feature known as WPAD—short for Web Proxy Autodisovery --in a way that exposes certain browser requests to attacker-controlled code. The attacker then gets to see the entire URL of every site the target visits. The exploit works against virtually all browsers and operating systems. It will be demonstrated for the first time at next week's Black Hat security conference in Las Vegas in a talk titled Crippling HTTPS with Unholy PAC.
http://gizmodo.com/millions-of-wireless-keyboards-can-let-hackers-see-what-1784315125 A newly discovered set of wireless keyboard vulnerabilities can let hackers take over your keyboard and secretly record what you type. It's called KeySniffer, and it spells death for millions of wireless, radio-based keyboards. According to security researchers at Bastille, the so-called KeySniffer vulnerability affects wireless keyboards that use a less secure, radio-based communication protocol rather than a Bluetooth connection. The affected keyboards come from eight different hardware makers and use transceiver chips or non-Bluetooth chips. These chips are cheaper than Bluetooth chips, but they also don't receive Bluetooth's frequent security updates. That's a problem. My primary keyboards are all wired. On rare occasions, I use a Bluetooth keyboard unaffected by this specific issue.
Tim Greene, Network World, PC World, 26 Jul 2016 http://www.pcworld.com/article/3100544/input-keyboards/hackers-can-snoop-and-even-type-keystrokes-from-at-least-8-wireless-keyboard-vendors.html Bastille says the KeySniffer vulnerability can be exploited from 250 feet away. opening text: A vulnerability across at least eight brands of wireless keyboards lets hackers read keystrokes from 250 feet away, according to wireless security vendor Bastille. The problem is that the keyboards transmit to their associated PCs without encryption, and it's just a matter of reverse engineering the signals to figure out how to read what keys are being hit, say Bastille researchers. An attacker could inject keystrokes while the keyboard is idle and the machine is logged in, they say, using a dongle that can be fashioned for less than $100.
Bloomberg Business Week ran an article on reasonable security measures you can take for protection against cyber threats, on a sliding scale from "sane" to "Snowden". My only quibble with it is that taping up your Webcam should be higher on the list than subscribing to an ID theft monitoring service, as most of us are already getting the latter for free thanks to all those major credit card breaches. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-07-20/the-not-crazy-person-s-guide-to-online-privacy [One of my default caveats: "Best" practices are nowhere near good enough, "Reasonable" ones probably even less so. PGN]
Many devices come with default settings. Many people install devices and start services, unaware of these settings which could be altered to better protect their privacy and security. Defaults can also have a significant impact on overall society and quality of civilization. https://www.propublica.org/article/set-it-and-forget-it-how-default-settings-rule-the-world The Pro Publica article discusses defaults in: . Computers . Phones . Apps . Kitchen appliances . Food distribution to the public . Government registration . Retirement plan enrollment . Other topics
The Internet, mass transportation, and globalization allow decentralized companies to be smaller and leaner and have fewer employees. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/27/business/dealbook/1-billion-for-dollar-shave-club-why-every-company-should-worry.html
Ian Paul, PCWorld, 26 Jul 2016 ...but you can lessen her awareness. http://www.pcworld.com/article/3100358/windows/you-cant-turn-off-cortana-in-the-windows-10-anniversary-update.html [Definitely a lesson less in there. Less and Less is More? PGN] opening text: Microsoft made an interesting decision with Windows 10's Anniversary Update, which is now in its final stages of development before it rolls out on 2 Aug 2016. Cortana, the personal digital assistant that replaced Windows 10's search function and taps into Bing's servers to answer your queries with contextual awareness, no longer has an off switch.
[Might be RISKY to venture near that place ?!? ] Pokémon Go players urged not to venture into Fukushima disaster zone https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jul/26/pokemon-go-players-fukushima-disaster-zone-nuclear Samuel Gibbs, *The Guardian*, 26 Jul 2016 Tepco requests Niantic to remove Pokémon character from nuclear plant meltdown areas and evacuation zone Japan is asking for the Fukushima nuclear exclusion zone to be classified as a no-go area for Pokémon after the discovery of at least one of the game's characters on a power station's site. Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings (Tepco) has requested that Pokémon Go developer Niantic and the Pokémon Company prevent Pokémon appearing in and around areas affected by the nuclear reactor meltdown in Fukushima to help prevent encouraging players to enter dangerous areas. <https://www.theguardian.com/environment/fukushima> <https://www.theguardian.com/technology/pokemon-go> Tepco said it has tested the Fukushima Daiichi plant, which was partially destroyed by the March 2011 disaster, the nearby Fukushima Daini plant and the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa plant in Niigata Prefecture and found Pokémon <https://www.theguardian.com/technology/pokemon> on-site. Japan's nuclear regulator sent out a warning to national energy providers telling them to tighten security after the incursion of three teenagers into a nuclear power plant in Ohio in the US. Tepco has banned employees from playing Pokémon Go on site. The Fukushima governor, Masao Uchibori, said that it was not good that people might enter nuclear plants or evacuation zones designated after the nuclear disaster on the hunt for Pokémon and that “the prefectural government will consider how to draw attention to this.'' The city government of Nagasaki has already requested that Niantic remove Pokémon from Nagasaki Peace Park, which is maintained as a memorial to victims of the atomic bombing of the city in 1945. The city has also asked visitors to refrain from playing the game saying that “the Peace Park is a place for prayer.'' Niantic said it would modify the game if the company discovered problems. Japan, the home of Pokémon, had to wait for weeks after the Pokémon Go's original launch in Australia, owing to worries about overloaded servers and the commercial agreement with McDonald's for sponsored Pokémon stops. <https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jul/20/pokemon-go-japan-launch-delayed-mcdonalds-sponsorship-gyms> Since the game's launch in Japan <https://www.theguardian.com/world/japan>, reports of minor traffic incidents including that of a Pokémon Go-playing male high school student and a 30-year-old man colliding on a street in Tokyo's Adachi Ward while riding bicycles. The Pokémon Go global craze has led South Koreans to flock to a remote region holocaust museums having to discourage players, naive New Zealanders Led to Hell's Angels clubs and police stations filled with players. It has also caused car accidents, impromptu flash-mobs in the middle of New York streets and people to walk into the sea in pursuit of some of the more rare creatures. <https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jul/13/pokemon-go-south-koreans-remote-area-sokcho-google-maps>, <https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jul/13/pokemon-go-us-holocaust-museum-asks-players-to-stay-away> <https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jul/12/pokemon-go-leads-new-zealand-players-to-hells-angels-club> Hiroshi Hase, Japanese minister of education, culture, sports, science and technology, said that global frenzy involving content created in Japan was *gratifying*, but that it's location-based nature could put gamers and others at risk in certain situations and urged caution.
[another way Pokémon Go has gone viral.] Anime News Network http://en.rocketnews24.com/2016/07/27/nintendo-shares-drop-18-after-it-reminds-investors-it-did-not-develop-pokemon-go/ opening text: Nintendo's shares on the Japanese stock market dropped by 18 percent on Monday, and is dropping as much as six percent on Tuesday, after Nintendo issued a report last Friday. The report noted that company expected the impact of the Pokémon Go game on its annual net income to be limited, and clarified that it did not develop the game. The company's share prices had doubled since the release of the game on July 6, with a market capitalization of 4.5 trillion yen (US$42.5 billion) as of last Tuesday. Monday;s stock price drop reduced the company's market value by about US$6.7 billion. [PGN NOTES: I had these items in the queue, and might as well abbreviate them for the record—even though they are old:] Sam Machkovech, *Ars Technica*, 10 Jul 2016 Armed muggers use Pokémon Go to find victims (Sam Machkovech) http://arstechnica.com/gaming/2016/07/armed-muggers-use-pokemon-go-to-find-victims/ Pokémon Go on iOS gets full access to your Google account http://arstechnica.com/gaming/2016/07/pokemon-go-on-ios-gets-full-access-to-your-google-account/ Pokémon Go's creators say they didn't mean to spy on Google accounts http://www.recode.net/2016/7/11/12154354/pokemon-go-niantic-google-permissions
> If the car is really autonomous, then any "fault" belongs to the > manufacturer and the mfgr will have to pay the damages. It's common practice for even the manufacturers' authorized repair shops to use cheaper aftermarket parts from other manufacturers. Today it's headlights and brake pads, tomorrow it'll be the sensors used for automated driving. If an accident investigation shows that a repair shop substituted a cheaper sensor, painted over one, or - as in two NASA probes - installed a sensor upside-down, I doubt the car manufacturer will accept liability.
You might like to look at my Ubiquity piece on self-driving vehicles, which was posted today: http://ubiquity.acm.org/article.cfm?id=2974062 Auto-Mation vs Partial Auto-Mation ... Interesting quotes from Don Norman at the end.
In the death in an auto accident where the human in the driver seat was not driving, he was using the Autopilot of a Tesla model S, while he watched a Harry Potter movie.
On 26 Jul 2016, the US National Transportation Safety Board <http://www.ntsb.gov> (NTSB) issued its preliminary report <http://go.usa.gov/xYjNJ> (executive summary) for the investigation of a fatal 7 May 2016 highway crash on US Highway 27A, near Williston, Florida. The preliminary NTSB report details the collision involving a 53-foot semitrailer in combination with a 2014 Freightliner Cascadia truck tractor and a 2015 Tesla Model S. The report states that according to system performance data downloaded from the car, the indicated vehicle speed was 74 mph just prior to impact, and the posted speed limit was 65 mph. [Al Mac observation: In the USA, police usually ticket vehicles traveling at 10 mph, or more, above the speed limit Thus, traveling at 9 mph above the speed limit, was probably the speed of the rest of the traffic around where the collision occurred.] The car's system performance data also revealed the driver was using the advanced driver assistance features Traffic-Aware Cruise Control and Autosteer lane-keeping assistance. The car was also equipped with automatic emergency braking that is designed to automatically apply the brakes to reduce the severity of or assist in avoiding frontal collisions. The NTSB preliminary report does not contain any analysis of data and does not state probable cause for the crash. The continuing investigation may contribute supplements or corrections to this preliminary info. The NTSB executive summary and PDF detail include photos of the consequences, and where it happened. http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/AccidentReports/Reports/HWY16FH018-Preliminary-Report.pdf > All aspects of the crash remain under NTSB investigation. While no timeline has been established, final reports are generally published 12 months after the release of a preliminary report. NHTSA also has preliminary data on this crash. Keywords for searching NHTSA reports, to see if they have any more info, on this crash: Investigation: PE 16-007 http://www-odi.nhtsa.dot.gov/acms/cs/jaxrs/download/doc/UCM530776/INOA-PE160 07-7080.PDF
In RISKS-29.64, Carl Byington suggests writing zeroes to "almost all" of a disk prior to decomissioning. Rather than a one-pass hand- rolled solution with highly predictable data, I've used Darik's Boot and Nuke (DBAN), which makes multiple overwriting passes with "random" data. No doubt other solutions exist, too. Of course, if the disk holds *really* sensitive data, the best solution is physical destruction: Shatter the platters and scatter the shards, preferably across multiple incinerators.
Carl Byington wrote: > "dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sda bs=1M" Once the computer is broken, you cannot boot it to erase the disk. The disk can be partially faulty and shredding becomes non-trivial. You may want to send computer to repair without destructing your data. The proper way is to use full-disk encryption from the very beginning. To wipe such disk you simply forget the password. By the way, there is less cryptic "shred /dev/sda" instead of "dd".
[ Swiss train becomes invisible if 256 axles are counted ] I passed this along to a rail freak, and he replied that the train in question would have to have over 60 wagons (4 axles each), plus the loco(s). The sort of Swiss lines using axle counters would not encounter a freight train this long, but nonetheless the bug is inexcusable, as the software could well be exported.
To register for the next free ACM Learning Webinar Visit http://learning.acm.org/webinar/ "Evolving Critical Systems," presented on Tuesday, August 2 at 12 pm ET by Mike Hinchey, Director of Lero, the Irish Software Research Centre. Increasingly software can be considered to be critical, due to the business or other functionality which it supports. Upgrades or changes to such software are expensive and risky, primarily because the software has not been designed and built for ease of change. Expertise, tools and methodologies which support the design and implementation of software systems that evolve without risk (of failure or loss of quality) are essential. We address a research agenda for building software in computer-based systems that (a) is highly reliable and (b) retains this reliability as it evolves, either over time or at run-time and illustrate this with a complex example from the domain of space exploration. Duration: 60 minutes (including audience Q&A) The talk will be followed by a question-and-answer session moderated by Stephen Ibaraki, Chair of the ACM Professional Development Committee and member of the ACM Practitioner Board. (If you'd like to attend but can't make it to the virtual event, register now to receive a recording of the webinar when it becomes available.) Note: You can stream this and all ACM Learning Webinars on your mobile device, including smartphones and tablets. Presenter: Mike Hinchey, Director of Lero; Professor of Software Engineering, University of Limerick Mike Hinchey is Director of Lero, the Irish Software Research Centre, a national research center based in eight institutions and including all of Ireland?s universities. Also Professor of Software Engineering at the University of Limerick in Ireland, at various points Hinchey has held full professor or visiting positions in the UK, Germany, Sweden, Japan, Australia, and USA. Prior to joining Lero, Hinchey was Director of the NASA Software Engineering Laboratory and was awarded the 2009 NASA Kerley Award as Innovator of the Year. The holder of 26 patents, he is the author/editor of more than 20 books and 200 papers on various aspects of Computer Science and Software Engineering. Hinchey holds a B.Sc. in Computer Science from the University of Limerick, an M.Sc. in Computation from the University of Oxford, and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Cambridge. He is President-Elect of the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) and Vice-Chair and Chair-Elect of IEEE UK & Ireland Section. Moderator: Stephen Ibaraki, Chair, ACM Professional Development Committee With a history of over 100 senior executive leadership roles, significant global contributions, awards and recognitions, Stephen Ibaraki is an IDG IT World (Canada) writer/blogger, multiple award winning serial entrepreneur and executive board chairman. He's founding chairman of the Global Industry Council (GIC), part of the United Nations (UNESCO) founded International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) IP3, board vice-chairman of the IFIP International Professional Practice Partnership (IFIP IP3), vice-chairman of the international steering committee and/or advisory board IFIP CIE/CCIO World CIO Forum (2012 and 2014). In addition, Stephen advises start-ups, global fortune companies, and governments on strategy and technology; and has received numerous awards and accolades from high-tech organizations and companies. He's a founding fellow of the Canadian Information Processing Society (CIPS). Stephen is also very active with ACM, as Chair of the Professional Development Committee and a member of the ACM Practitioner Board.
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