Please try the URL privacy information feature enabled by clicking the flashlight icon above. This will reveal two icons after each link the body of the digest. The shield takes you to a breakdown of Terms of Service for the site - however only a small number of sites are covered at the moment. The flashlight take you to an analysis of the various trackers etc. that the linked site delivers. Please let the website maintainer know if you find this useful or not. As a RISKS reader, you will probably not be surprised by what is revealed…
This clip posted by JJRicks, shows a ride on a Waymo autonomous taxi, which got confused about the meaning of traffic cones: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zdKCQKBvH-A [Lauren Weinstein noted this: Waymo robocar gets stuck, blocks traffic, then attempts to escape its human overseers https://youtu.be/zdKCQKBvH-A?t=757 PGN]
Tesla Autopilot system was on during fatal California crash, adding to self-driving safety concerns https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2021/05/14/tesla-california-autopilot-crash/?utm_campaign=wp_main&utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=social
A vehicle forensics kit can reveal where you've driven, what doors you opened, and who your friends are. U.S. Customs and Border Protection purchased technology that vacuums up reams of personal information stored inside cars, according to a federal contract reviewed by The Intercept, illustrating the serious risks in connecting your vehicle and your smartphone. The contract, shared with The Intercept by Latinx advocacy organization Mijente, shows that CBP paid Swedish data extraction firm MSAB $456,073 for a bundle of hardware including five vehicle forensics kits manufactured by Berla, an American company. A related document indicates that CBP believed the kit would be “critical in CBP investigations as it can provide evidence [not only] regarding the vehicle's use, but also information obtained through mobile devices paired with the infotainment system.'' The document went on to say that iVe was the only tool available for purchase that could tap into such systems. https://theintercept.com/2021/05/03/car-surveillance-berla-msab-cbp/
Because being bombarded with roadside signage while taking a leisurely Sunday drive isn't enough, Ford has patented a new system that uses a vehicle's cameras to detect billboards and then pull them up on a car's infotainment display as inescapable in-vehicle advertisements. <https://pdfaiw.uspto.gov/.aiw?docid=20210133810&SectionNum=1&IDKey=1E5A14DC9924&HomeUrl/> <https://thenextweb.com/news/ford-new-patent-ruin-driving-forever-hell> Billboards are an effective way to subliminally make a driver hungry for an approaching fast food restaurant, or convince them they need to pull off the road and visit a nearby outlet mall for some discount Reeboks. What billboards aren't great at is providing detailed information like a phone number, an address, or a website, as even large signage often isn't visible long enough for a driver or passenger to memorize important details. That's the problem Ford is trying to solve with this new system it's patenting -- although the larger potential here is concerning. Many vehicles now come standard with built-in cameras that are either used for autonomous driving features, security, or for providing a driver with a view outside the vehicle to make parking easier. What Ford wants to do is leverage those cameras to also keep an eye out for passing billboards, and then use image recognition to put a copy of the advertisement on a vehicle's infotainment screens so it's visible to the driver and passengers for longer. The system would also intelligently analyze the content of the billboard and generate hyperlinks, either for easily dialing a posted phone number, or for bringing up a company's website to see additional information. https://gizmodo.com/get-ready-for-in-car-ads-1846888390 [More distractions for the surrogate-driver in a driverless vehicle (who is still supposed to be paying attention), or for the actual driver in a conventional vehicle with already distracting electronic displays. This is a really terrible idea. Perhaps it would inspire a renewed attempt at "Smell-o-Vision", although the 1960 movie-theater attempt ran into lingering scents that would not go away, and the concept was quickly abandoned. That's my two-scents' worth. PGN]
[Re: Colonial paid $5m ransom which I noted in RISKS-32.67, here's another case. PGN] Insurance carrier CNA paid a $40 million dollar ransom after an attack in March 2021, https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-05-20/cna-financial-paid-40-million-in-ransom-after-march-cyberattack
Paul Krugman, *The New York Times*, 21 May 2021 Rising asset prices don't mean that silly ideas necesarily make sense. Last para: The good news is that none of this matters very much. Because Bitcoin and its relatives haven't managed to achieve any meaningful economic role, what happens to their value is basically irrelevant to those of us not playing the crypto game.
In 2011, Chinese spies stole the crown jewels of cybersecurity—stripping protections from firms and government agencies worldwide. Here's how it happened. https://www.wired.com/story/the-full-story-of-the-stunning-rsa-hack-can-finally-be-told/
A quote that should apply to all software systems: “It would have been better if we had fixed it from the start,'' the minister said, adding that the ministry does not plan to conduct a large system overhaul. Flaw in Japan vaccine reservation system leaves government red-faced Japan Times, 18 May 2021 <https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2021/05/18/national/japan-vaccine-reservation-flaw/> <https://cdn-japantimes.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/np_file_87756-1.jpeg> The Defense Ministry says it will fix a fault in the booking system for the large vaccination centers it operates. | KYODO The government said Tuesday it will fix a COVID-19 vaccine booking system fault that allowed reservations to be made using nonexistent application numbers. The announcement came a day after the government started accepting online bookings for older people to receive shots at large Self-Defense Forces-staffed vaccination centers in Tokyo and Osaka as it attempts to ramp up its inoculation rollout amid a fourth wave of infections. The state-run booking system for the vaccination center in Tokyo was found to accept municipality code numbers and vaccination ticket numbers that were not issued by respective authorities. "We plan on fixing (the system) so we can confirm the inputted data are genuine information," Defense Minister Nobuo Kishi said at a news conference. "It would have been better if we had fixed it from the start," the minister said, adding that the ministry does not plan to conduct a large system overhaul. The problem was reported Monday by major news organizations Asahi Shimbun Publications Inc. and the Mainichi Shimbun, which signed up to test the system using fictitious information. Both said in their reporting that they had canceled reservations they created. Kishi said he takes the actions of the companies "very seriously," calling them "malicious and very regrettable" despite the significant flaws they brought to light. He asked the public not to make appointments using false information to ensure slots are available to those who are eligible and so vaccines are not wasted. The problem with vaccination ticket numbers, issued to eligible individuals by their municipality, was put down to a failure to cross-reference data in the system with that from local municipalities, according to the Defense Ministry. "We did not think it appropriate for the Defense Ministry to retain private information of every individual in the country subject to vaccination," Kishi said. At a separate news conference, Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsunobu Kato warned the government may consider taking legal action against people or groups deemed to have taken advantage of the system failure in a malicious manner, such as making many reservations using fictitious data. Currently, residents of Tokyo's 23 wards and the city of Osaka age 65 or older are able to make appointments via the Defense Ministry's website and the Line messaging app but spots are filling up quickly with the launch of online bookings. The government moved to set up mass vaccination centers operated mostly by Self-Defense Forces doctors and nurses to accelerate its vaccine rollout, given only around 3% of its population of 126 million has received at least one shot of a vaccine, the slowest vaccination rate among major economies. Some municipalities that run local inoculation venues have experienced problems processing appointments as phone lines and computer systems have been overloaded. According to the Defense Ministry, around 44,000 slots for the Tokyo center were booked by 7 a.m. Tuesday out of the 50,000 that had been made available between May 24 and May 30. Additionally, all of the 25,000 slots for the Osaka center were filled within 25 minutes on Monday afternoon, the ministry said. Japan began inoculation of its older population of about 36 million in mid-April after its vaccination effort for health care workers started in February. [Does anyone believe that the huge influx of counterfeit proof-of-vaccination cards is going to increase herd immunity? I have not heard the herd crying out for salvation. PGN]
This impacted 72K people relative to COVID-19. https://www.meadvilletribune.com/coronavirus/prosecutors-probe-pennsylvania-contact-tracing-data-breach/article_c97c5eb9-d364-52bd-a8d4-d85f8d3a129e.html
The technology used this time may be new, but the business model has been around for decades. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2021/05/14/millions-fake-commenters-asked-fcc-end-net-neutrality-astroturfing-is-business-model/
Anderson Cooper, 60 Minutes 16 May 2021 via ACM TechNews, 17 May 2021 U.S. police departments are adopting facial recognition technology, despite complaints of wrongful arrests resulting from its use. Clare Garvie at Georgetown University Law's Center on Privacy and Technology thinks facial recognition has been involved in hundreds of thousands of such cases, in which users incorrectly assume the technology is faultless, given the mathematical basis of its matches. The U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology's Patrick Grother evaluates prototype facial recognition algorithms, and his team published a landmark study which determined that many facial recognition algorithms found it difficult to distinguish between Black, Asian, and female faces. Grother said false negatives arising from such errors could lead to wrongful arrests. Since last summer, three Black men have sued for wrongful arrest involving facial recognition; said Garvie, "The fact that we only know of three misidentifications is more a product of how little we know about the technology than how accurate it is." https://orange.hosting.lsoft.com/trk/click?ref=znwrbbrs9_6-2b09ax22b48bx069479&
An intriguing piece of research has found that the majority of antivax disinformation is being distributed by only twelve people. https://www.npr.org/2021/05/13/996570855/disinformation-dozen-test-facebooks-twitters-ability-to-curb-vaccine-hoaxes On the downside, these few people are having a massively disproportionate effect on public discourse and behaviour. Although only a dozen people are the instigators, they use multiple accounts, get reposted by many others, and use various ruses to try and avoid being banned by social media platforms. On the plus side, if this research holds true for other forms of disinformation, it does indicate that a concerted effort could seriously reduce the disinformation problem overall ...
An outside audit three years ago of the major East Coast pipeline company hit by a cyberattack found *atrocious* information management practices and “A Patchwork of poorly connected and secured systems,'' its author told The Associated Press. “We found glaring deficiencies and big problems,'' said Robert F. Smallwood, whose consulting firm delivered an 89-page report in January 2018 after a six-month audit. “I mean an eighth-grader could have hacked into that system.'' How far the company, Colonial Pipeline, went to address the vulnerabilities isn't clear. Colonial said Wednesday that since 2017, it has hired four independent firms for cybersecurity risk assessments and increased its overall IT spending by more than 50%. While it did not specify an amount, it said it has spent tens of millions of dollars. “We are constantly assessing and improving our security practices—both physical and digital,'' the privately held Georgia company said in response to questions from the AP about the audit's findings. It did not name the firms who did cybersecurity work but one firm, Rausch Advisory Services, located in Atlanta near Colonial's headquarters, acknowledged being among them. Colonial's chief information officer sits on Rausch's advisory board. [...] https://apnews.com/article/va-state-wire-technology-business-1f06c091c492c1630471d29a9cf6529d
VIRGINIA—The major East Coast pipeline behind the gasoline shortages in the Southeast and mid-Atlantic is coming under scrutiny for its information technology and cybersecurity practices. Colonial Pipeline revealed Friday that it had been the target of a cyberattack on its information technology system. The company said the hackers stole nearly 100 gigabytes of data and encrypted at least a portion of the company's information technology network. The hackers, however, did not obtain access to the operational technology side of the pipeline company's system. But Colonial Pipeline still decided to shut down the entire pipeline system, which provides nearly 50 percent of the gasoline and jet fuel to East Coast markets. The decision to shut down the pipeline system has caused major shortages of gasoline. In Virginia, 55 percent of gas stations had run dry of supplies as of Thursday morning, according to GasBuddy, which tracks supply. In the District of Columbia, about 51 percent of stations were out of gas. [...] The cyberattack targeted the portion of Colonial Pipeline's technology network that most of its employees use to check their email, review contracts and write and distribute invoices, Bloomberg reported Wednesday. Colonial Pipeline had no evidence that its operational technology systems, which are not connected to its information technology system, had been compromised in the attack, the company said. [...] Pipeline system operations became more digital in the 1990s and 2000s. According to an Associated Press report, though, an outside audit conducted ē¢ree years ago of Colonial Pipeline found "atrocious" information management practices and "a patchwork of poorly connected and secured systems." "We found glaring deficiencies and big problems," Robert F. Smallwood, whose consulting firm completed a report in January 2018 after the audit, told the AP. "I mean, an eighth grader could have hacked into that system." The exact reason for Colonial Pipeline's decision to shut down the entire pipeline system remains unclear. The company has acknowledged that the cyberattack affected only a portion of its information technology system, including the parts related to contracts and invoices. https://patch.com/virginia/arlington-va/extreme-reaction-colonial-pipeline-baffles-energy-experts
DarkSide group that attacked Colonial Pipeline drops from sight online https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2021/05/14/darkside-ransomware-shutting-down/ https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/14/business/darkside-pipeline-hack.html
Albany Times Union, 12 May 2021 Malware has upended university operations during finals week FBI and State Police cybersquads are investigating a malware attack that has paralyzed computer systems at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute since last week. Since it was detected on Friday, the cyberattack has disrupted nearly all of the world-famous engineering and research school's operations officials confirmed. https://digital.olivesoftware.com/olive/ODN/AlbanyTimesUnion/shared/ShowArticle.aspx?doc=HATU/2021/05/12&entity=Ar00107&sk=D12A0898&mode=text#
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20210511/07082546773/microsoft-data-shows-that-fccs-broadband-maps-are-fantasy.shtml [via Dave Farber]
The university accused 17 students of cheating on remote exams, raising questions about data mining and sowing mistrust on campus. At the heart of the accusations is Dartmouth's use of the Canvas system to retroactively track student activity during remote exams without their knowledge. In the process, the medical school may have overstepped by using certain online activity data to try to pinpoint cheating, leading to some erroneous accusations, according to independent technology experts, a review of the software code and school documents obtained by The New York Times. Online Cheating Charges Upend Dartmouth Medical School https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/09/technology/dartmouth-geisel-medical-cheating.html
The word *bias* commonly appears in conversations about mistaken judgments and unfortunate decisions. We use it when there is discrimination, for instance against women or in favor of Ivy League graduates. But the meaning of the word is broader: A bias is any predictable error that inclines your judgment in a particular direction. For instance, we speak of bias when forecasts of sales are consistently optimistic or investment decisions overly cautious. Society has devoted a lot of attention to the problem of bias—and rightly so. But when it comes to mistaken judgments and unfortunate decisions, there is another type of error that attracts far less attention: noise. To see the difference between bias and noise, consider your bathroom scale. If on average the readings it gives are too high (or too low), the scale is biased. If it shows different readings when you step on it several times in quick succession, the scale is noisy. (Cheap scales are likely to be both biased and noisy.) While bias is the average of errors, noise is their variability. Although it is often ignored, noise is a large source of malfunction in society. In a 1981 study, for example, 208 federal judges were asked to determine the appropriate sentences for the same 16 cases. The cases were described by the characteristics of the offense (robbery or fraud, violent or not) and of the defendant (young or old, repeat or first-time offender, accomplice or principal). You might have expected judges to agree closely about such vignettes, which were stripped of distracting details and contained only relevant information. ... Once you become aware of noise, you can look for ways to reduce it. For instance, independent judgments from a number of people can be averaged (a frequent practice in forecasting). Guidelines, such as those often used in medicine, can help professionals reach better and more uniform decisions. As studies of hiring practices have consistently shown, imposing structure and discipline in interviews and other forms of assessment tends to improve judgments of job candidates. No noise-reduction techniques will be deployed, however, if we do not first recognize the existence of noise. Noise is too often neglected. But it is a serious issue that results in frequent error and rampant injustice. Organizations and institutions, public and private, will make better decisions if they take noise seriously. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/15/opinion/noise-bias-kahneman.html
The peer-to-peer payments app leaves everyone from ordinary people to the most powerful person in the world exposed. BuzzFeed News found President Joe Biden's Venmo account after less than 10 minutes of looking for it, revealing a network of his private social connections, a national security issue for the United States, and a major privacy concern for everyone who uses the popular peer-to-peer payments app. [...] Privacy advocates and journalists have warned about Venmo's privacy problems for years, yet the PayPal-owned app has persisted with features that can place people—including the president of the United States—at risk. While many critics have focused on how the app makes all transactions public by default, Venmo's friend lists are arguably a larger privacy issue. Even if a Venmo account is set to make payments private, its friend list remains exposed. There is no setting to make this information private, which means it can provide a window into someone's personal life that could be exploited by anyone—including trolls, stalkers, police, and spies. https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/ryanmac/we-found-joe-bidens-secret-venmo
An interesting article: https://www.zdnet.com/article/linux-and-open-source-communities-rise-to-bidens-cybersecurity-challenge/
Khristopher J. Brooks, CBS News, 19 May 2021, via ACM TechNews, 21 May 2021 The U.S. Commerce Department's Cyber Seek technology job-tracking database and the trade group CompTIA count about 465,000 current U.S. cybersecurity jobs openings. Experts said private businesses and government agencies' need for more cybersecurity staff has unlocked a prime opportunity for anyone considering a job in that field. The University of San Diego's Michelle Moore suggested switching to a cybersecurity career could be as simple as obtaining a Network+ or Security+ certification, while an eight-week online course could help someone gain an entry-level job earning $60,000 to $90,000 a year as a penetration tester, network security engineer, or incident response analyst. Moore cited a lack of skilled cybersecurity personnel as a problem, while CompTIA's Tim Herbert said only a small percentage of computer science graduates pursue cybersecurity careers. https://orange.hosting.lsoft.com/trk/click?ref=znwrbbrs9_6-2b1dcx22b659x069602&
PGN suggested > (Security was of course not in Turing's threat model.) Yes, "security" is meaningful only relative to a model.
I noticed that you mis-credited CNN with the information that the Colonial Pipeline had been shut down in part due to the fact that it's billing system had been locked up by the ransomware. That information was first reported by me four days ago in these two pieces (and CNN didn't give me credit) published on my Zero Day substack publication: https://zetter.substack.com/p/ransomware-infection-on-colonial https://zetter.substack.com/p/biden-declares-state-of-emergency Author: *Countdown to Zero Day: Stuxnet and the Launch of the World's First Digital Weapon*
I've had stonehenge.com since about the earliest possible time I could register it. While I do get the expected misdirected pile of mail for that big rock group in England, and the occasional mail for some other stonehenge-like organization, the biggest breaches were back in the early 90s. It seems that a large venture capital firm opened up, and although their company name was something like Stonehenge Holdings Limited, every senior staff member (and their assistants) seemed to think that their email address was "firstname.lastname@example.org". You have not seen misdirected email until you've had complete business plans, various investment strategies, and other private communications delivered to your inbox, all meant for people with large sums of money to hand out. I tried repeatedly to explain this to everyone I could find at the company, but most of the time, they either apologized (and then forgot), or somehow accused me of hacking. I could almost imagine that their business cards might have even been wrong. Thank goodness they eventually went out of business.
On 13 May 2021 at 15:02, Martin Ward wrote: > Install the NoScript Firefox extension and ensure that > washingtonpost.com is blocked. You can then read all the articles > without the annoying popup asking you to subscribe or login. How handy! We needed a forum on how to "share" things that we ought to pay for. Next fun activity on RISKS—how to get ATMs to spit out money. NB: I don't mean to start a fight but I don't think that kind of "help" is appropriate for RISKS. [I don't think so either, but ran that item as a sort of test, for which you are the only one thus far who responded. However, perhaps we have done The Post a service by noting the lacuna, or perhaps they know about it and believe it helps business. Historically, you might remember the lame encryption used in early online games that seems to have increased business by alerting more people to the game. PGN]
The free MIT STAMP/STPA Workshop be held virtually again this year (maybe next year we can meet in person) spread out over the period from June 21-June 30. In case you are not aware, STAMP is a new accident causality model based on systems theory and systems thinking described in Nancy Leveson's book *Engineering a Safer World*. STAMP integrates into engineering analysis the causal factors in our increasingly complex systems such as software, human-decision making and human factors, new technology, social and organizational design, and safety culture. STPA is a powerful new hazard/cybersecurity analysis technique based on STAMP while CAST is the equivalent for accident/incident analysis. These tools are now used globally in almost every industry. Free tutorials or videos of tutorials from last year will be provided so everyone can participate, regardless of experience with STAMP or the STAMP-based analysis techniques. You can access the tutorials from last year at the PSAS website (http://psas.scripts.mit.edu/home) as well as presentations from previous workshops. You will also find more information about this year's workshop at the PSAS website as it becomes available. The workshop is free, but In order to avoid spamming people, this is the only message we will send to those who have not registered. We will also use the registration list to send out passwords for the workshop in order to provide security and avoid zoom bombers. You can register at http://psas.scripts.mit.edu/home/2021-stamp-workshop-registration/ If you are unable to get to the registration site, please send me ( email@example.com) the following information: Name, Email, Affiliation (company, government agency, university, etc.), Country, Industry, and Level of Experience with STAMP-based methods) and I will make sure you are registered. The program is below although we are still working out details about day and time. There were a large number of abstracts submitted so we could accept only 20% of those submitted. The exact days and times will be provided later. We expect speakers and attendees worldwide from almost every time zone (last year there were over 3000 attendees) so we are still trying to optimize timing. The presentations on any day will be limited to avoid zoom fatigue. *Presentations* *Effectiveness of CAST, 5M and HFACS in Accident Investigation and Prevention*, KAEFER Guenter (Austrian Air Force), KOGLBAUER Ioana (Graz University of Technology, Austria) *Safety Analysis of a Low-cost Insulin Infusion Pump using STPA: A Case Study with Brazilian Company*, Aldo Martinazzo (Federal University of S=C3=A3o Paulo), Luiz Eduardo Martins (Federal University of S=C3=A3o Paulo), Tatiana Cunha (Federal University of S=C3=A3o Paulo) *STPA Evaluation of Potential Conflicts between Large Commercial Air Traffic and Small Uncrewed Aircraft Systems in the Terminal Airspace*, Paul Stanley (Boeing), Victor Arcos Barraquero (Boeing) *STPA at Google*, Tim Falzone (Google) *STPA Return on Investment—An Industry Perspective*, Marc Nance (Boeing Retired, STAMP Engineering Services), Mark Vernacchia (General Motors), Lori Smith (Boeing Retired, STAMP Engineering Services) *Leveraging STPA to Create a More Informed Risk Matrix*, Sam Yoo and Dro Gregorian (MIT) *Analyzing National Responses to COVID-19 Pandemic using STPA*, Shufeng Chen (WMG, University of Warwick) *STPA Analysis Self-Driving Vehicles on level crossings—lessons learned*, Elma Dijkerman (Movares), Gea Kolk (Movares), Ello Weits (Movares) *Safety analysis of interoperability conformance profiles in Medical Information Exchange*, Jens Weber (University of Victoria) *Key Safety Indicators using STPA*, Stuart Williams (University of Strathclyde, Glasgow) *Introducing STAMP to a Major Health Organisation*, Wallace Grimmett (MATER) *Applying STPA in Development of Autonomous Container Handling Machinery*, Eetu Heikkil=C3=A4 (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd.) *STPA in Support of Next-Gen Automotive E/E Architecture Development*. Sandro N=C3=BCesch (Huawei Technologies Duesseldorf GmbH), Christoph Ainhauser (Huawei Technologies Duesseldorf GmbH), Gereon Hinz (STTech GmbH ) *Lightning Talks* *Consideration of STPA in Civil Aviation*, Linh Le (Federal Aviation Administration), Eric M Peterson (Federal Aviation Administration) *Discussion on STPA Validation, Replicability and Analyst Bias*, Idoaldo Lima (RWTH Aachen) *Cybersecurity Incident Analysis by CAST using the Report of Unauthorized Access to the Information System*, Tomoko Kaneko, Ph.D. (Researcher of National Institute of Informatics) *Hazard Analysis of Teaming Systems*, Andrew Kopeikin (MIT) *Using STPA to Address Challenges in Achieving SOTIF*, Amardeep Sidhu (Independent) *Safety Analysis for an In-wheel Electric Motor Powertrain*, Joaquim Maria Castella Triginer (Virtual Vehicle), Helmut Martin (Virtual Vehicle) *Incorporating STPA into DoD Acquisition Program*, Drake Mailes (USAF) *Open STPA with RAAML and Gaphor*, Dan Yeaw (Ford Motor Company), Kyle Post (Ford Motor Company) *Applying CAST to Human Error Related Manufacturing Mishaps*, Jess Reid (Boeing) *STPA-sec Supporting Zero Trust Partners*, William Young (USAF) *Using STPA to identify conflicts in coal mining safety procedures*, Alicja Krzemien (GIG Research Institute), Stanislaw Prusek (GIG Research Institute) *Panel Sessions* Panel sessions with expert industry practitioners will give participants a chance to ask questions and learn how they were able to implement STAMP-based methods successfully. Introducing STPA and CAST into Organizations Progress on Including STPA in Industry Standards And more... *Interesting Uses Spotlights* These will be very short introductions to new and interesting applications that are not complete enough yet for a regular presentation: Machine Learning (AI) Indigenous healthcare in Australia Pharmaceutical Order Entry Systems Introducing STAMP in Organizations Prioritizing Scenarios Linux Medical Application Prof. Nancy Leveson, Aeronautics and Astronautics, MIT, Room 33-334 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02142 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://sunnyday.mit.edu
Picture a world where police robots roam the streets dealing with crime, and I can pretty much guarantee you'll either think of a nightmarish all-powerful police state where everything has gone horribly wrong and/or Robocop. But it turns out robot police are already here and it's nothing like either of those options: They just don't really give a shit about citizens. [...] Why no help from the robot, you may ask. Perhaps they have already turned on humans and are only interested in robocrimes? Well, it turns out that RoboCop is in no way connected to the actual police. The calls instead go to the robots' creator, Knightscope, who leases the robots to the police department. Knightscope also made the robot security guard that famously "committed suicide" in 2017. It turns out, the robots' cameras, which are capable of recording 360-degree high definition video and live-streaming it to police phones, are not connected to the police yet, nor are its abilities to read license plates and track cell phone use in the area. Police Chief Cosme Lozano told NBC News that the robot is there on a trial basis, and will eventually be fully connected to the department's dispatch center. But for the moment if you see RoboCop you can be assured it doesn't actually do anything. It just potters around LA, tells citizens worried about crime to get out of the way, and sometimes, just sometimes, chats to Elon Musk on Twitter. At a cost of $60,000-$70,000 a year. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/californian-robocop-had-to-deal-with-its-first-crime-and-it-did-not-go-well/ From October 2019
The May 11 editorial: *The ransomware emergency is here* failed to point out that American computer experts can break any encryption scheme at any time anywhere in the world. The United States, after all, is home to more than 100 supercomputers, the fastest of which is operated by the Energy Department. Russia, in contrast, has only three supercomputers in the entire country. Americans should perhaps assign a higher priority to defeating cyber criminals in general and ransomware criminals in particular. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/letters-to-the-editor/the-united-states-should-make-cyber-crime-a-high-priority/2021/05/14/5237a4d6-b373-11eb-bc96-fdf55de43bef_story.html ...and assign higher priority to developing minimal technology literacy among citizens and newspaper editors.
Mob Violence Against Palestinians in Israel Is Fueled by Groups on WhatsApp https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/19/technology/israeli-clashes-pro-violence-groups-whatsapp.html Of course, as comments note, it's used in the other direction as well.
Crypto-exchange Coinbase said its site and app resumed service after a brief outage earlier in the day. Coinbase was down for some users Wednesday morning as digital coins plunged. Several social media users seemed frustrated at the app and site's error while cryptocurrencies were plunging, looking to buy the dip. Coinbase is down for some users as Bitcoin sees massive sell-off <https://www.cnbc.com/2021/05/19/coinbase-is-down-for-some-users.html?__sourceiosappshare|com.apple.UIKit.activity.Mail>
Hebe Campbell & Matthew Holro, EURONEWS, 19 May 2021 https://www.euronews.com/2021/05/19/dutch-civil-servants-used-social-media-to-spy-on-citizens-says-study
https://www.wired.com/story/im-not-a-robot-why-captchas-hard-to-solve/ Headline lies—no tips here.
A tale of Black Chambers, lost correspondence, and high technology. https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/letterlocking-virtual-unfolding Early message security...
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